It can be said candidly, that a fight against Type-2 Diabetes is folly without Dietary might on your side. Diet of a Diabetic needs to be very carefully crafted and specific to avoid any complications. A diabetic must be extra wary of what he or she eats and how many calories he or she spends on a daily basis to ensure blood-glucose monitoring and regulation. To be careless is to step into the clutches of this self-harbored monster that has no mercy or remorse.
Things like Blood-Glucose levels and monitoring are vital, but just as essential are monitoring and regulating Blood-fat and blood-pressure. The clue to the diet of a Type-2 Diabetic is to understand how different nutrients act in the digestive process and how the Diabetic body deals with them. The Glycaemic Index is another important thing to be aware of in the dietary control of a Type-2 Diabetic. Keeping a low lipid profile and blood pressure is also vital. A dietician must be consulted by the diabetic for individualistic dietary profiling and advice; let us however go over some basics of diet facts for Type-2 Diabetes.
Glucose is often mistaken for sugar; a diabetic must be aware of such misconceptions. Table sugar is actually sucrose which causes less harm than glucose. The rate of absorption of glucose from digestion of different carbohydrates is known as the Glycaemic Index or GI. Not all carbohydrates cause a rapid spike in blood-glucose levels after a meal because glucose doesn’t require digestion before absorption while Sucrose and Fructose do. Hence, it is important for the Diabetic to understand and identify food groups with low GI and follow a diet maintaining a low GI spike.
Fats are not necessarily the poison it is mistaken for. Some fats, mainly monounsaturated fats actually help in control of lipid profile. Fats are also very important for a diabetic, because fats are not digested easily and hence prevent a GI spike after meals. This is in no way a green signal to go gorging on all available fatty foods, as accompanied with fatty diets come risks of heart disease and the Diabetic’s nemesis of high blood-pressure. Unsaturated fats mostly come from Fish and vegetable oils which actually help to regulate undue risk to the heart and a low GI spike.
Proteins are also a major part of any diet. But a diabetic has to be careful of excess protein as the liver transforms this into Glucose. This can cause a severe rise in blood-glucose. However, a high protein in a controlled diet is preferred for diabetics because of it’s long process of digestion. It is also important to note that most high-protein foods are also the source of saturated fats; hence, safe proteins like soy and yoghurt are to be considered when keeping dietary habits in mind.
To increase one’s insulin sensitivity is the main objective of a Type 2-Diabetic, because the patient is insulin resistant. Increase in physical activity in another rapid way of increasing insulin sensitivity which keeps blood-glucose levels in check. While blood-pressure is a killer for the eyes and kidney, a bad lipid profile acts the same for the heart. All these seem to be far apart, but they are in fact too closely related for comfort. Usually, the trio of unhealthy blood-pressure, fats and glucose act in union to damage a diabetic. Of all things, nothing but sound diet and regular exercise can help with this association of perils. Quitting of smoking habits, alcohol intake, high-salt consumption and regular health check-ups must be included with a diabetic’s dietary control to battle the villainous Type-2 Diabetes effectively. Active lifestyles also find themselves less in danger of the malicious harm of Diabetes because calorie control comes natural to such people. To be safe, apart from awareness, control and routine must be a diabetic’s motto in health-care.